What Backend Technology Should You Choose In 2022?

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When it comes to fruitful software development, frontend and backend development play an important role. While frontend development revolves around the designing user experience and the look and feel of an application, backend development deals with writing APIs, working with libraries, analyzing data, and building the foundation of the concerned platform. Without robust backend development, it is never possible to build a powerful software application.

Over the last two years, the need for digital platforms has skyrocketed. Organizations operating in almost every industry have embraced digitization, leading to the need for responsive and business-specific applications. In 2022, it is important for a business to have a strong digital presence to thrive in the market. This makes it important to hire skilled and experienced backend developers who understand your vision and help you achieve your business objectives.

However, in the digital age, several backend technologies are available for you to choose from. You may have seen businesses comparing different technologies and frameworks, right from node.js vs Java to Angular vs Django. Before you go ahead with app development, it is important to choose a technology that is in sync with your requirements and helps you build an ideal application for your organization.

Here are some of the top backend technologies to choose from for building a powerful software application in 2022:


Django is a popular high-level development framework that provides developers with a holistic backend technology. Using Django does require you to use separate third-party plug-ins as all its components work together in the framework. If you are willing to build enterprise-level applications that are highly interactive, Django offers you one of the best backend technologies. Moreover, Django has garnered a large community of developers, making it increasingly popular amongst backend developers.

Another major advantage of using Django is that it uses the Python web framework. This leads to faster and more effective development of applications across multiple platforms. Popular industry giants using Django for app development include Spotify, Pinterest, Bitbucket, and Instagram.


Laravel is a highly expressive and versatile backend technology known for its efficient language construction and advanced toolbox. Going by the MVC architecture and based on PHP, the syntax of Laravel allows developers to be flexible and creative while building applications. Moreover, the upload procedure offered by the technology is easy to manage and execute.

Laravel also provides backend developers with a powerful template system, seamless documentation, and holistic community support. The technology is currently being used by companies like Razorpay, BBC, 9GAG, and more.

Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is a backend technology written in the language of Ruby. It is popular amongst developers for creating a table structure with a fault-free database. It incorporates an ideal combination of CSS, JavaScript, and HTML for building scalable and responsive applications. Moreover, it saves backend developers a lot of time and effort with the help of Convention over Configuration (CoC), a concept that helps developers achieve more with less coding.

Ruby on Rails has also garnered massive community support due to the features of easy compilation and testing. It allows developers to spend less time in carrying out standard activities, making development faster and more effective. The technology also facilitates the reusing of code in multiple development projects. Some noteworthy names using Ruby on Rails include Shopify, Hulu, Zendesk, Bloomberg, and Netflix.


As the name suggests, CakePHP is a backend technology specifically for PHP development. It allows developers to build applications without encountering delays or unnecessary complications. The technology provides you with robust security mechanisms with its CoC and MVC architecture. Moreover, CakePHP facilitates multi-faceted HTTP routing and reverse app routing creating links between different resources.

One of the biggest advantages of CakePHP is that it is a user-friendly technology. It allows you to create prototypes quickly as you build commercial applications on PHP. Industry giants like Deloitte and Citizens Inc. have been using CakePHP for effective backend development.


Phoenix is a backend technology preferred by developers who are willing to build high-performing and content-rich websites and applications. It facilitates quick application development without the need for tedious and complicated coding. Written in Elixir, Phoenix facilitates real-time communication via WebSockets and operates efficiently with the virtual machine of Erlang.

The biggest benefit of developing apps using Phoenix is that it reduces operational complexity. Being a versatile and production-ready backend technology, it offers greater code maintainability to developers and helps them navigate right from prototyping to actual production.

Noteworthy organizations using Phoenix as their backend technology include Avnet, Podium, EXOS, and Axway.


Nest.js is a development framework written in TypeScript and JavaScript. It is an extensive framework ideal for developing powerful backend systems. It provides developers with a range of different features, including seamless connection with tools like GraphQL for fulfilling queries.

As Nest.js powers TypeScript, it is a fairly easy framework to learn and work on. It provides developers with codebase maintenance, in-depth documentation, modernized coding, powerful CLI, and many other features.


This is a highly sought-after micro-framework written in Python. While developing applications using Flask, you would not need specific tools or libraries. It is also free from a database abstraction layer, form validation, or a pre-existing library. Being a lightweight framework, Flask is ideal for building smaller applications. This makes it a popular alternative for SMEs and startups.

The development framework also provides developers with support for extensions that help them insert specific features into web applications. Along with decent documentation availability, Flask provides developers with an inbuilt web server, a debugger, support for unit testing, and a variety of tools, mechanics, and libraries. Noteworthy names in the industry using Flask include Reddit, Airbnb, Uber, LinkedIn, and more.

The Final Word

These were some important backend technologies you should keep an eye on in 2022. While there is no right and wrong alternative in selecting a backend technology, it is always important to implement technologies and frameworks that best suit your business requirements.